What is Stamp duty?
Stamp Duty Land Tax is a fee that is charged in England, Wales and Northern Ireland on residential properties costing over £250,000. If you are buying a property in Scotland, Stamp Duty works slightly differently.
How much is Stamp duty?
The Stamp Duty fee varies depending on the cost of the property and the type of buyer you are. For example; whether you are a first-time buyer, moving home or have multiple properties. Stamp Duty is also currently paid in a progressive way, so you’ll pay no Stamp Duty on the first £250,000 of the property value, then you’ll pay 5% on the value of the property between £250,001 and £925,000, and so on.
Below are the standard rates for a residential property which is your main residence (excluding first-time buyers, please continue reading for first-time buyer table).
|Property Price||Stamp Duty charged on the proportion of price in band|
|Up to £250,000||0%|
|£250,001 – £925,000||5%|
|£925,001 – £1.5M||10%|
How do I pay Stamp duty?
When your purchase has completed, you have 30 days to submit your Stamp Duty Land Tax return and pay your Stamp Duty charges. Your solicitor is likely to do this for you, however, it is your responsibility to ensure you pay on time.
What has changed for first-time buyers?
In the past few years, Stamp Duty has changed a lot. Most recently, the Chancellor announced a change to Stamp Duty for first-time buyers in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
First-time buyers will no longer need to pay stamp duty on properties up to £425,000. Furthermore, first-time buyers looking to purchase a property worth up to £625,000 will not need to pay Stamp Duty on the first £425,000.
The rate table below shows the new Stamp Duty rates for first-time buyers in England and Northern Ireland.
|Purchase Price||Stamp Duty charged on the proportion of price in band|
|Up to and including £425,000|
(Providing the property costs under £625,000)
|£425,001 – £625,000||5%|
|£625,000+||SDLT is paid at standard rates|
So far in 2023, the average stamp duty costs for homebuyers in England and Northern Ireland is more than £9,900.
Who counts as a first-time buyer?
A first-time buyer is someone who has never owned a property before. The Stamp Duty changes for first-time buyers only apply to those buying their first a residential property, not a buy-to-let or second home. A first-time buyer looking to purchase a property with a partner will not benefit if their partner has previously purchased a property.
Do I need to do anything if I am exempt from Stamp Duty?
If you do not need to pay Stamp Duty, for example; if you are a first time buyer purchasing a property under £425,000, you still need to submit a return. Your solicitor is likely to do this for you.
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